Sunday, October 25
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Clinical Methods

Tasks

Any professional working in clinical practice needs to register with the HCPC. This body monitors and regulates the practice of those working in the health field. In order to remain registered, professionals have to demonstrate they meet a set of standards set out by the HCPC. Failing to meet the standards can result in disciplinary action and the loss of the right to practice. There are a set of standards that are common across all health care professionals – as well as specific standards for psychologist practitioners.

You need to be able to outline and evaluate these standards – focusing on psychologist practitioners in particular.

  • Access the HCPC standards for psychologists
  • Create an animated Prezi to help you learn at least 6 of the standards for clinical psychologists. The Prezi should contain:
    • At least 6 of the standards for clinical psychologists with explanations
    • 4 Strengths and 4 weaknesses of the HCPC standards (you can use this PsychologyWizard page)
    • A balanced judgement / set of conclusions about the use of the HCPC within clinical psychology

Practice Questions

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Tasks and Resources

A longitudinal study is one that takes place over a long time period.

  • Watch:

In mental health research longitudinal studies are done to see how symptoms develop (and hopefully reduce) in patients undergoing a particular treatment. An essential element of longitudinal work is taking measurements at different times – and then comparing these measurements to each other to monitor change. I.e. you measure at time point A, then again at B, C, D – comparing your results to each other as you go.

A famous example is the documentary 7 Up in which children have been followed from age 7, every 7 years, until the present day (56 Up in 2012). While not a scientific study this is worth exploring as an example of how such research is done:

Practice Questions

  • Use http://to.pbs.org/22V3hQi to help you find two examples of cross-cultural research findings into schizophrenia (one cultural difference, one cultural similarity)
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Tasks and Resources

A meta-analysis uses secondary data from multiple studies. The findings are pulled together to allow overall conclusions to be made. The data from these multiple studies are then reanalyzed to draw more wide ranging conclusions about an issue.

A clinical example is Pal et al. (2006). This study looked at children undergoing cancer treatment and their parents. Pal et al. (2006) were interested in whether psychological interventions had an impact on distress levels. They performed a meta-analysis using 12 studies and concluded that psychological intervention lowered distress in the adults, but had no significant impact on the children.

 

Practice Questions

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Tasks and Resources

Practice Questions

 

Tasks and Resources

Extracts from original article

All those interviewed stated that they would recommend the group to others. Four themes were identified:

  • What participants had valued and why (understanding past experiences and symptoms/diagnosis/medication);

‘[helps me understand] my past behaviour and why it happened – it shone a light on my past’

  • What was helpful about the group (sharing experiences, relapse prevention/empowerment, reassuring/anxiety)

‘It helped me understand the symptoms I’ve got and how different treatments help’

  • Clinical implications identified by the patients

‘If you know what is happening it helps you to understand and calm down’

  • What was difficult/unhelpful (Disclosure, practical problems).

‘Problems with memory, remembering what we had done and what we were supposed to be doing’

Qualitative analysis of structured post-group interviews highlighted the value that participants placed on knowing about their mental illness and the sense of hope and empowerment they felt it provided. Also identified was the lack of information they felt they had received previously. The process provided important feedback for the service.

Practice Question

 

Tasks and Resources

Research has shown that juries are influenced by factors such as pre-trial publicity,  race, attractiveness – and accent!

  • Watch:

  • Use the slide show below to get more understanding of the factors:

LO TBAT discuss the factors that impact jury decision making

  • Make full workbook notes on the factors. For more strengths and weaknesses use both of the textbooks.

Practice Question

To what extent are juries impacted by factors other than the evidence presented? (16)